ISO 17851:2016 pdf download

ISO 17851:2016 pdf download

ISO 17851:2016 pdf download.Space systems — Space environment simulation for material tests — General principles and criteria
1 Scope
This International Standard provides a general description of the whole set of space environment components which affect spacecrafts in various outer space regions, and the physical and chemical processes causing material degradation in a space environment, including synergistic effects. This International Standard defines the most important general principles and criteria of space environment simulation during material tests, and formulates the general requirements to laboratory test facilities and to physical and mathematical models that are applied to the research of the space environment impact on materials. The basic purpose of this International Standard is to
— provide a general description of the methodology in selecting a set of space environment components and their characteristics during spacecraft material tests, and
— determine general principles and criteria for the tests.
Additionally, such methodology will help in the understanding of the degree of coverage of space materials tests with existing International Standards on the specific test types, and help define the actual directions in developing new International Standards. This International Standard can be applied as a reference document in designing spacecrafts, forecasting spacecraft lifetime, conducting ground-based tests, and analyzing changes in material properties during operation.
2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 11227, Space systems — Test procedure to evaluate spacecraft material eject upon hypervelocity impact
ISO 15856, Space systems — Space environment — Simulation guidelines for radiation exposure of non-metallic materials
ECSS-Q-ST-70-02C, Thermal vacuum outgassing test for the screening of space materials
ECSS-Q-ST-70-04C, Thermal testing for the evaluation of space materials, processes, mechanical parts and assemblies
ECSS-Q-ST-70-06C, Particle and UV radiation testing for space materials
IEC 60068–2-14, Environmental testing — Part 2-14: Tests — Test N: Change of temperature
ASTM E512, Standard practice for combined, simulated space environment testing of thermal control materials with electromagnetic and particulate radiation
ASTM E595, Standard test method for total mass loss and collected volatile condensable materials from outgassing in a vacuum environment
ASTM E1559, Standard Test Method for Contamination Outgassing Characteristics of Spacecraft Materials
ASTM E2089–00, Standard practices for ground laboratory atomic oxygen interaction evaluation of materials for space applications
6.1.6 Near-Mars space and on the Martian surface
— material sublimation
— optical degradation under the influence of UV and VUV radiation
— radiation damage of materials by charged particles of GCR, SEP, and secondary neutrons
— sputtering by protons of the solar wind
— surface erosion under the impact of meteoroids and particles of Martian dust storms
6.1.7 Near-Jupiter space
— radiation damage of materials by charged particles of Jovian radiation belts, GCR and SEP
— charging in the Jovian magnetosphere plasma
— surface erosion under the impact of meteoroids