AS ISO ASTM 52911.1:2021 pdf download

AS ISO ASTM 52911.1:2021 pdf download

AS ISO ASTM 52911.1:2021 pdf download,Additive manufacturing — Design
1  Scope
This document specifies the features of laser-based powder bed fusion of metals (PBF-LB/M) and provides detailed design recommendations.
Some of the fundamental principles are also applicable to other additive manufacturing (AM) processes,provided that due consideration is given to process-specific features.
This document also provides a state of the art review of design guidelines associated with the use of powder bed fusion (PBF) by bringing together relevant knowledge about this process and by extending the scope of ISO/ASTM 52910.
2  Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO/ASTM 52900, Additive manufacturing — General principles — Fundamentals and vocabulary
3  Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/ASTM 52900 and the following apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 curl effect
thermal and residual stress effect
<aspect of heat-induced warping> dimensional distortion as the printed part cools and solidifies after being built or by poorly evacuated heat input
5.2  Size of the parts
The size of the parts is not only limited by the working area/working volume of the PBF-machine. Also, the occurrence of cracks and deformation due to residual stresses can limit the maximum part size. Another important practical factor that can limit the maximum part size is the cost of production having a direct relation to the size and volume of the part. Cost of production can be minimized by choosing part location and build orientation in a way that allows nesting of as many parts as possible. The cost of the volume of powder required to fill the bed should be considered. Powder reuse rules impact this cost significantly. If no reuse is allowed then all powder is scrapped regardless of volume solidified.
5.3  Benefits to be considered in regard to the PBF process
PBF processes can be advantageous for manufacturing parts where the following points are relevant.
— Integration of multiple functions in the same part.
— Parts can be manufactured to near-net shape (i.e. close to the finished shape and size).
— Degrees of design freedom for parts are typically high. Limitations of conventional manufacturing processes do not usually exist, e.g. for:
— tool accessibility, and
— undercuts.