ISO 22157:2019 pdf download

ISO 22157:2019 pdf download

ISO 22157:2019 pdf download.Bamboo structures — Determination of physical and mechanical properties of bamboo culms — Test methods
1 Scope
This document specifies test procedures for specimens obtained from round bamboo culms. The data obtained from the test methods can be used to establish characteristic physical or mechanical properties to be used in structural engineering design or for other scientific purposes. This document provides methods for evaluating the following physical and strength properties: moisture content, density, mass per unit length; strength properties parallel to the fibre direction, compression, tension and bending, and strength properties perpendicular to the fibre direction, tension and bending. It also provides methods to estimate moduli of elasticity in bending, compression and tension parallel to fibres, and bending perpendicular to fibres. The test methods reported in this document are intended for commercial testing applications. The test methods reported in this document are intended for commercial testing applications and can also be adopted as benchmark methods for scientific research. This document is organized to provide requirements for standard tests to be carried out to determine the material properties of full-culm bamboo as a structural material.
5.1 Temperature and humidity
Unless required by specific conditioning protocols, test specimens shall be stored, conditioned and tested in an environment having a temperature range of (23 ± 3) °C, and relative humidity range of (65 ± 5) %. However, if tests results are to be used in the same environmental conditions in which testing took place, or if the laboratory is unable to follow the standard, storage, conditioning and testing under ambient temperature and relative humidity is permitted. The values of the temperature (±3 °C) and the relative humidity (±5 %) for the laboratory shall be recorded in the test report, alongside the moisture content determined for individual specimens.
5.2 Rate of load application
The rate of load application of the testing machine shall be selected such that failure is reached within (300 ± 120) s. Tests that fail in less than 30 s shall be removed from analysis. The load shall be applied continuously without interruption at the required rate throughout the test. For tests run in displacement control, the rate of traverse of the movable head of the testing machine shall be the free running or no-load speed of the head for mechanical drive type machines, and the loaded head speed for hydraulic or servo-hydraulic driven testing machines. The time to failure for each individual specimen shall be recorded in the test report.