BS ISO 22459:2020 pdf download

BS ISO 22459:2020 pdf download

BS ISO 22459:2020 pdf download.Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) — Reinforcement of ceramic composites — Determination of distribution of tensile strength
1 Scope
This document specifies the conditions for the determination of the distribution of strength and rupture strain of ceramic filaments within a multifilament tow at room temperature by performing a tensile test on a multifilament tow. This document applies to dry tows of continuous ceramic filaments that are assumed to act freely and independently under loading and exhibit linear elastic behaviour up to failure. The outputs of this method are not to be mixed up with the strengths of embedded tows determined by using ISO 24046 1) .
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials — Calibration and verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1:Tension/compression testing machines — Calibration and verification of the force-measuring system
ISO 10119, Carbon fibre — Determination of density
EN 1007-2, Advanced technical ceramics — Ceramic composites — Methods of test for reinforcements —Part 2: Determination of linear density
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at
— IEC Electropedia: available at
3.1 gauge length
L 0
initial distance between two reference points on the tow
Note 1 to entry: Usually the gauge length is taken as the distance between the gripped ends of the tow.
3.2 initial cross-section area
S 0
cross-section area of the tow
4 Principle
A multifilament tow is loaded in tension at a constant displacement rate up to rupture of all the filaments in the tow. The force and displacement are measured and recorded. From the force-displacement curve the two-parameter Weibull distribution of the rupture strain and of the strength of the filaments is obtained by sampling the nonlinear parts of the curve at discrete intervals, j, which correspond to an increasing number of failed filaments in the tow.
5 Significance and use
Because measurement of the displacement directly on the tow is difficult, it is usually obtained indirectly via a compliance measurement which includes contributions of the loading train, the grips and the tabbing materials. These contributions have to be corrected for in the analysis. When it is possible to measure the tow elongation directly (by using a suitable extensometer system) this correction is not needed. The calculation of the results in Clause 10 also applies in this case by setting the load train compliance equal to zero.