BS ISO 22328-1:2020 pdf download

BS ISO 22328-1:2020 pdf download

BS ISO 22328-1:2020 pdf download.Security and resilience — Emergency management — Part 1: General guidelines for the implementation of a community-based disaster early warning system
1 Scope
This document gives guidelines for the implementation of a community-based disaster early warning system (EWS). It describes the methods and procedures to be implemented and provides examples. This document is applicable to communities vulnerable to disasters, without taking secondary/indirect effects into consideration.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 22300, Security and resilience — Vocabulary
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 22300 and the following apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 community vulnerability
characteristics and conditions of different exposed elements at risk, such as individuals, groups or infrastructures, that put them at risk for the destructive effects of a hazard
3.2 early warning
provision of information through local networks, allowing affected individuals to take action to avoid or reduce risks and to prepare responses
3.3 community-based early warning system
community-based EWS
method to communicate information to the public through established networks within institutional,political, legal and social contexts
Note 1 to entry: The warning system can consist of risk knowledge, monitoring and warning service,dissemination and communication, and response capability to avoid, reduce risks and prepare responses against disaster.
[SOURCE: ISO 22300:—, 3.27, 1) modified — “early” has been added to the term and “within institutional,political, legal and social contexts” has been added to the definition.]
3.4 evacuation command
series of orders to evacuate people
3.5 evacuation drill
activity that practises a particular skill related to evacuation and often involves repeating the same thing several times
EXAMPLE A drill to practise safely evacuating a neighbourhood or village from a disaster.
[SOURCE: ISO 22300:—, 3.69, modified — “disaster” has replaced “landslide” in the example.]
4 Community-based disaster early warning system
4.1 General
The community-based disaster EWS should comprise five main sub-systems:
a) risk assessment, see 4.2;
b) dissemination and communication of knowledge, see 4.3;
c) monitoring and warning service, see 4.4;
d) response capability, see 4.5;
e) commitment of the authority and community on the sustainability of the EWS, see 4.6.
4.2 Risk assessment
The disaster preparedness team should conduct a risk assessment in accordance with ISO 31000:2018,Clause 6 [5] , and identify vulnerabilities.