BS ISO 19822:2018 pdf download

BS ISO 19822:2018 pdf download

BS ISO 19822:2018 pdf download.Fertilizers and soil conditioners — Determination of humic and hydrophobic fulvic acids concentrations in fertilizer materials
1 Scope
This document specifies the procedure for the analysis of humic acids and hydrophobic fulvic acids which is applicable to dry and liquid materials used as ingredients in commercial fertilizers, soil amendments, and geological deposits.
2 Normative References
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
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3.1 hydrophobic fulvic acids
materials composed of less than 0,75 % elemental sulfur (S) that are soluble in aqueous alkaline and acid solution and are adsorbed at pH 1 onto a polymeric adsorbent resin of moderate polarity. The resin is of a type designed for adsorption of amphiphilic compounds having molecular weights typical of fulvic acids
3.2 fulvic fraction
alkali extracted portions of humic substances that are soluble in both alkali and acid aqueous solutions
3.3 humic acids
alkali extracted humic substances that are insoluble in strongly acidic solution and will precipitate from the alkali extract in acid solutions of pH 1
3.4 humic substance
major organic constituent of natural organic matter consisting of complex heterogeneous mixtures of carbon-based substances formed by biochemical reactions during the decay and transformation of plant and microbial remains
3.5 lignosulfonates
amorphous light to dark brown powder or liquid derived from the sulfite pulping of softwoods. The lignin framework is a sulfonated random polymer of three aromatic alcohols: coniferyl alcohol,p-coumaryl alcohol, and sinapyl alcohol, of which coniferyl alcohol is the principle unit
4 Principles
4.1 This method determines ash-free quantities of HA and HFA gravimetrically after separation from their matrix.
4.2 The method of extracting HA and HFA utilizes a strong base to extract the alkaline-soluble materials, and then, after removal of non-soluble components, the alkaline solution is acidified to flocculate the HA.
4.3 The liquid supernatant remaining after the removal of the HA is called the Fulvic Fraction. The Fulvic Fraction, which can contain Hydrophobic Fulvic Acids (HFA), is treated to determine the quantity of HFA in the Fulvic Fraction by selective adsorption onto a methacrylic-ester resin designed to separate the HFA from non-humic compounds. The material retained by the hydrophobic resin is referred to in the literature as the hydrophobic acid fraction of soluble organic matter [3] .