BS ISO 11437:2018 pdf download

BS ISO 11437:2018 pdf download

BS ISO 11437:2018 pdf download.Nickel alloys — Determination of lead — Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method
1 Scope
This document specifies an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of lead in the range of 1 µg/g to 10 µg/g in nickel alloys.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 648, Laboratory glassware — Single-volume pipettes
ISO 1042, Laboratory glassware — One-mark volumetric flasks
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at
4 Principle
Dissolution of a test portion in a mixture of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid, dilution of the test solution to a known volume, and transfer of an aliquot to a plastic vial. Addition of a modifier to the aliquot of the test solution, and injection of a small volume of this solution into the electrothermal atomizer of an atomic absorption spectrometer. Measurement of the atomic absorption of the 283,3 nm spectral line energy emitted by a lead hollow- cathode lamp and comparison with those of the calibration solutions.
5 Reagents
During the analysis, unless otherwise stated, use only reagents of recognized analytical grade and only distilled water or water of equivalent purity.
5.1 Pure nickel, containing less than 1 µg/g of lead.
5.2 Nickel, base-solution 50 g/l. Weigh, to the nearest 0,1 g, 25,0 g of pure nickel (5.1). Transfer to a 600 ml tall-form beaker and add 100 ml of water. Cautiously add 100 ml of nitric acid (ρ 20 = 1,41 g/ml) in small portions, in such a manner that the dissolution remains under control. Cool the solution and transfer it to a 500 ml one- mark volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with water and mix.
5.3 Nickel, base solution 5 g/l.
Transfer 10,0 ml of the nickel base solution (5.2) to a 100 ml one‑mark volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with water and mix.
5.4 Nitric acid, ρ 20 = 1,41 g/ml, diluted 1 + 1.
5.5 Hydrofluoric acid, ρ 20 = 1,13 g/ml.
WARNING — Hydrofluoric acid is extremely irritating and corrosive to skin and mucous membranes producing severe skin burns which are slow to heal. In case of contact with skin, wash well with water, apply a topical gel containing 2,5 % (mass fraction) calcium gluconate and seek immediate medical treatment.